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Jury Trial information


This information is designed to assist adult Defendants who choose to represent themselves in a jury trial in Broomfield Municipal Court. It is a general overview of trial procedures.
It by no means covers all situations that may arise during the course of a jury trial.
It is intended to assist in the preparation and orderly presentation of evidence at the jury trial.


There is a mandatory written jury demand form and a $25 jury fee which must both be filed with the court within 21 days of the entry of your plea of not guilty in order to preserve your right to a jury trial. If both the demand and the $25 are not tendered within the 21 days you will waive your right to a trial by jury.

Your case will be called by the Judge and the Judge will inquire if you are ready to proceed to trial. If you have any witnesses that you feel will be necessary to testify at the trial, you will be required to have them in attendance. If a potential witness advises you that they are unavailable you may subpoena them to your trial. You must obtain a subpoena, issued by the court, well in advance of your trial date and have your witness served at least 48 hours prior to your time of trial, by another person who is not a party to your case and is over the age of 18 years. You must then file a return of service with the Court showing that your witness was personally served.

•Jury Panel
The Court will give a basic instruction to the prospective jury panel members and determine is any members are not qualified to serve as members of a jury.
The clerk of the court will then, by lot, select members from the jury pool, to be seated as the prospective jury panel.

•Voir dire
The court will conduct the entire voir dire, or questioning, of the prospective jurors. Voir dire is the questioning process of the prospective jurors to determine their competency, interest, and ability to sit as a fair and impartial juror.

•Preemptory challenges
Once the jury panel has been approved, each side of the case is entitled to three preemptory challenges. The method commences with the city attorney making a challenge, alternated between the city attorney and the defense, until all preemptory challenges have been used. The preemptory challenge strikes or removes a name from the list. The remaining members will form the jury in your case.

•Opening statements
The trial will begin with opening statements from the prosecuting city attorney and from you if you choose to do so. An opening statement is not evidence, it is merely a statement of what the city attorney and the defense intends to prove through the course of the trial.

An opening statement is not mandatory and it may be waived by either the city attorney or the defense. After the city attorney has made his/her opening statement to the jury, you may either make an opening statement, waive an opening statement, or reserve your right to make an opening statement until after the city attorney has presented its case to the jury.

•City attorneys case
The city attorney will then call its witnesses and introduce any physical evidence they may have and question their witnesses concerning the incidents involved in your case. After the city attorney has finished questioning each witness you will have the right to question that witness. This is called cross examination. Your questions must be relevant and appropriate to the matters the witness testified to and must bear a relationship to the incidents involved in the case.

•Defendant's case
Once the city attorney is done then you may make an opening statement if you reserved your opening statement. You may call witnesses to testify on your behalf and to question them concerning the incidents involved in the case. Just as you have a right to cross examine the city's witnesses, the city attorney has the right to also question and cross examine each of your witnesses.

•Curtis Advisement
Since it is the city attorney's burden to prove each element of the offense for which you are charged beyond a reasonable doubt you are presumed to be innocent. You will be given what is called a Curtis Advisement, outside the presence of the jury, which advises you that you have a constitutional right to remain silent and if you choose to remain silent the city attorney may not comment on that fact and the jury will be instructed that they may not infer any guilt by the fact that you chose to remain silent. You also have a constitutional right to testify and if you choose to testify then you are waiving or giving up your right to remain silent and you subject yourself to cross examination the same as any other witness. If you have any felony convictions as an adult then the city attorney may introduce that information to the jury in an attempt to impeach your credibility or believability with respect to your testimony regarding the incidents involved in the case.

•Rebuttal evidence
After you have concluded the presentation of your evidence the city attorney may present additional evidence, which is called rebuttal testimony, to rebut any evidence you presented in the case. After the city attorney concludes presenting rebuttal evidence, the evidence in the case is closed.

•Jury Instructions
After the evidence has been concluded by both the city attorney and the defense the parties will consider the Instructions of law which will be given to the jury in the case. If you wish to submit a specific Jury Instruction you need to do so for the courts consideration. After the Instructions have been determined the Instructions will be read to the jury by the judge.

•Closing Arguments
The City attorney now has the opportunity to make a closing argument, arguing why, based on the evidence which has been presented, and the law contained in the Jury Instructions, the jury should find you guilty of the offense you are charged with committing. You then have the opportunity to also make a closing argument arguing why, based on the evidence which has been presented, and the law contained in the Jury Instructions, the jury should find you not guilty. Finally, since it is the city attorney's burden of proof they will have the last word so to speak and will be allowed to present a rebuttal closing argument.
Closing arguments are not evidence and cannot be considered by the jury as evidence. Any questions or statements which you make which are not in the form of sworn testimony cannot be considered by the jury as evidence in the case nor in the determination of its judgment.

•Jury Verdict
The jury will then retire to commence their deliberations and will make its decision, based upon the evidence that has been submitted to the jury during the course of the trial. When the jury has concluded their deliberations they will notify the clerk of the court and return to the courtroom to render their verdict. 

Right to Appeal
If you are found guilty you have the right to appeal your case to the District Court of Broomfield County.